Things to Do in Germany

Whether you are visiting Germany for a few days, or staying for several weeks, there are lots to see and do. The following activities will definitely occupy your time in this enchanting and historic European country.


Historic architecture in Germany is like no other. Although most of the buildings have been through the toughest times and even destruction during the second World War, they remain one of the finest works of historic architecture in Europe. In Munich, look no further than the New Town Hall, which is a highly-ornamented Gothic Revival architectural building. Another fantastic place to visit is the 19th century gothic Neuschwanstein Castle.

In Hamburg, it is difficult to miss the stretch of 19th century multi-storey red brick warehouses called Speicherstadt. They are situated along the port and were established between 1883 to 1927.

Visitors may explore Frankfurt’s top attractions such as the monumental Alter Oper concert hall, Goethehaus, Paulskirche, and the gothic Kaiserdom.


Almost everything can be purchased in Germany, where the myriad of shops will leave visitors spoilt for choice. In Munich, the main shopping areas are at Old Town. The specialist shops in Munich are renowned for their quality products, such as paintings, books and even musical instruments. Some other souvenirs to get include the traditional beer mug and Bavarian costumes.

In Hamburg, it would be a mistake not to check out the wares at Fischmarkt, when locals and tourists congregate to hunt for special bargains, grocery and other merchandises.

Large departmental stores such as KaDeWe and Galeries Lafayette will cater to one’s fashion needs in Berlin. Smaller independent stores at Hackescher Markt offer authentic German goods. In addition, there are plenty of opportunities for inexpensive bargains at the city’s flea and antique markets.

The popular shopping district in Frankurt is Zeil, which offers a plethora of shopping opportunities. Department stores include Karstadt and Kaufhof. Fashionistas may head for Kleidoskop and Peek & Cloppenburg.


In Munich, the famous beer hall, Hofbräuhaus am Platzl, situated near central Marienplatz is not to be missed. It serves delicious German cuisine such as Stiglmeier Gelbwurst and beer with pretzels. Along River Alster in Hamburg, visitors may find many elegant buildings including the Alsterarkaden that houses shops and cafes, where they can relax with a soothing cup of coffee or grab a sandwich. In the metropolis of Frankfurt, Mediterranean cuisine, Italian food, traditional and international cuisine are readily available. When in Berlin, visitors can tuck into a traditional currywurst, Döner Kebab, or Turkish pizza at Hackescher Markt, or savor mouth-watering quiches and baguettes at Fressco in Kreuzberg.


During Oktoberbest, visitors can celebrate with beer and many traditional performances in Munich. Munich’s main arts center, The Gasteig, also hosts a series of events year round. Nightlife is prevalent in Hamburg, especially in Reeperbahn where many good restaurants, bars, and nightlife are concentrated. At the Alter Oper in Frankfurt, visitors may catch a variety of performances, including classical ballet, musicals, comedies, dramas and thrillers.

The bustling nightlife in Berlin, where clubs and restaurants sprout at almost every street, are the haven for night-owls. Some clubs and pubs include Astro Bar, Club Moskau, Junction Bar, Solar, and Watergate. While in Berlin, it would be a mistake to miss concerts by the Berlin Philharmonic at grand music venues such as Konzethaus Berlin and Staatsoper.

History of Germany

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Germany spent her early days as a Holy Roman Empire, ruled by the emperor Otto I in the year 962. The empire existed as a form of defense against the non-Christian tribes, and to create unity in the European political world.

Unfortunately, unity ceased to prevail. The empire soon became divided, and individual groups of dukes and nobles were formed instead.

A powerful city was never established because the royalties simply traveled to different cities in Germany to form armies and collect revenue in order to solidify their positions in the monarchy.

The Thirty Years’ War which took place between 1618 and 1648 was a religious conflict between the Catholics and Protestants and caused further division in Germany. After the war, only the German state of Prussia was able to rise to power.

During the French Revolution, parts of the Rhine and even Prussia came under French control, and the Holy Roman Empire finally collapsed in 1806. Napoleon was only defeated in 1813. Following his defeat, more territory was granted to Prussia.

Prince Otto von Bismarck became Prussia’s prime minister in 1862. After the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War, a strong, unified Germany was finally established. Bismarck’s governance brought Germany to greater heights.

World War I spelled disaster for Germany. By 1918, the Allies had invaded Germany and the defeated nation was forced to sign the humiliating Treaty of Versailles. Under this treaty, Germany had to surrender territories including Alsace-Lorraine to the Allies, as well as give in to huge monetary reparations.

After the humiliating defeat, extremists in Germany attacked the inexperienced Weimar government. To make matters worse, the outstanding payments demanded by the Allies further weakened the German economy. When Germany was unable to pay her reparations, France occupied the Ruhr.

The chaotic situation in Germany allowed for the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. The Nazis believed that the Aryan race was superior and blamed non-Aryans, particularly Jews, for Germany’s plight. Despite initial failure to gain public support, Hitler’s power eventually increased to the point that he was appointed chancellor.

Hitler was self-declared Germany’s new Führer (leader) after Hindenburg’s death in 1934. Following agreements with Japan and Italy, the Axis power was formed. Years of horror ensued, with massive persecution against anyone deemed as non-Aryans.

During World War II, Germany invaded Poland and was victorious despite retaliation from France and Britain. There was more bloodshed during the Holocaust where millions of Jews were killed.

Germany continued to declare war on the United States in 1941. It all ended finally on D-Day when Allied armies from the west landed along the coast of Normandy on in 1944. The fall of Germany eventually led Hitler to suicide in April 1945.

After the war, Germany was once again divided by the United States, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union into four zones of occupation. Finally in 1989, after the demise of Communist power across Eastern Europe, the Berlin Wall collapsed and Germany was reunified on October 3, 1990.